That’s one key to discerning what is hype and what is real. Scientific data comes from experimentation and can be done using observational versus randomized controlled trials. Check out the description of these 2 models by Stuart L. Silverman, M.D. professor of Medicine at UCLA. A large Random Controlled Trial (RCT) is “the gold standard”.
Now check out what researcher John P. A. Ioannidis says in his paper entitled, “Why Most Published Research Findings Are False”. In it he states,
“The greater the financial interests and prejudices, the less likely the research findings are to be true.”
Consequently, even though RCT studies are “where the gold is”, it is vitally important for physicians to be discriminating and discerning when reading scientific studies, especially those where the study was funded by a pharmaceutical company or shadow organization that will profit from the study that was designed from the outset to reach a preordained conclusion…meaning, they are the ones who literally get the gold!